DISABILITY AND POST-2015 DEVELOPMENT AGENDA IN LATIN AMERICA

On September 25th2015 the Member States of the United Nations adopted the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development including a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals to end poverty, to fight inequality and injustice and to tackle climate change.

In order to promote reflection and debate for a real inclusion of disability in the development agenda post-2015, the Ibero-American Network of Non-Governmental Organizations of Persons with Disabilities published in May 2015 an overview of a seminar organized in Lima on that subject, from an Ibero-American perspective.

After reminding that Latin America and the Caribbean has around 85 million people with some form of disability, the report “Inclusión de la discapacidad en la agenda de desarrollo post 2015 desde la perspectiva iberoamericana”[1]presents the main negative factors affecting disabled groups from the region. Those factors are the following:

– The compilation and reliability of data on disability is problematic: most of census considers disability in a superficial way, specific surveys are not standardized and the majority of them reflects a medical approach that is outdated.

– It is estimated that only between 2 and 3% of people with disability can get any kind of specialized carefor improving their situation. Mainly because of the socio-political situation in the countries of the region, the care is provided by private institutions.

-The number of children with disabilities represents around 25% of the disabled population in the region, of which only between 20 to 30% regularly attend school.

– Multiple discriminations against women with disability,due to heightened exposure to gender-based violence.

– High level of unemployment and limited access to vocational training, limitation of opportunities for participation in society and employment.

– Most countries have a legislation recognizing and regulating accessibility in terms of built environment, transport, information and communication technology, but in the daily reality much remain to be done.

– The fragmentation and structural weaknesses of the organizations representative of disabled persons. Predominance of charitable organizations considering people with disability as subjects of charity and not holders of rights.

This publication explores then the handling of disability within the framework of the United Nations, since the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2006, to the incorporation of the provisions of the Convention into the Post-2015 Development Agenda and into the Sustainable Development Goals.

The discussions about the real inclusion of disability in the Post-2015 Development Agenda were carried out by UN representatives, governments from several countries of the region, and disabled people organizations.

The conclusions reached during the event highlighted the need for State action to go hand in hand with the allocation of public budgets allowing effective implementation of public policies concerning disabled people. They reminded also that it is crucial that States promote the participation of disabled people organizations in monitoring and implementation of the new development agenda.

Download the full document in Spanish from the Red

[1]Hugo León Ibáñez, Ivana De Stefani, Juan Alejandro Solórzano Arévalo, “Inclusión de la discapacidad en la agenda de desarrollo post 2015 desde la perspectiva iberoamericana”, Mayo de 2015.