This work presents the methods used by European countries in order to coordinate their social protection policies. The main goal of the coordination is to bring closer approaches, to install a common language and to establish a collaboration space, with the ultimate aim to encourage the greatest convergence possible between national policies.
First, reference will be made to the European integration process which draws mechanisms for coordinating. The following point will illustrate the called Open Method of Coordination in the social area, showing its achievements and restrictions. Then, we will describe the latest development of the coordination in the context of the Strategy 2010-2020 for growth in the European Union (EU), insisting on the European Semester, the cycle of coordination of national economical and budgetary policies, column of the European governance. We will highlight the crowding-out effect that the European Semester has had on the political significance of the social dimension, resulting also the detention of the Open Method of Coordination. Finally, we will focus on the European economic social and territorial cohesion policy, that constitute another important area of articulation, with the prominent role of the European Commission (EC), the executive body of the EU. To conclude, we will propose a systematization of the main points highlighted and some thoughts that may be of interest for the integration processes in Latin America.
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